As the temperature drops, home fire risk rises. It just makes sense. While cooking fires are the leading cause of residential fires, heating-related fires come in second place and peak in the month of January. The U.S. Fire Administration recently issued two statistical reports that talk about home heating fires. In their Study of Heating Fires in Residential Buildings (2013-2015), they report that:
- Approximately 45,900 annual heating fires in U.S. residential buildings were reported to fire departments each year.
- Annually, heating fires resulted in 200+ deaths, 700+ injuries, and more than half a billion dollars in property loss.
- Residential heating fires peak in the early evening from 5 to 9 p.m., accounting for 29% of heating-related home fires.
- Confined fires (fires confined to chimneys, flues or fuel burners) accounted for 75% percent of residential building heating fires.
- Combustible materials that were too close to the heat source accounted for 29% of non-confined fires.
While only 4% of heating fires in residential buildings involved portable heaters, they were involved in 43% of fatal home heating fires, a statistic that should give some pause. In the USFA study on Portable Heater Fires in Residential Buildings (2013-2015), they report:
- Annual estimated occurrence: 1,650 portable heater fires in residential
- Portable heater fires caused an estimated 90 deaths, 175 injuries, and $84 million in property loss.
- In 54% of the fires, the heat source was too close to combustible objects
- About 37% of portable heater fires started in bedrooms.
- In bedroom fires caused by portable heaters, the leading items ignited (23%) were bedding, such as blankets, sheets, and comforters.
Here’s a short USFA safety clip related to portable heaters.
Heating safety tips
Fire prevention experts say there are many practices you can take to reduce your risk of a heating-related fire in your home. Here are few safety tips we’ve compiled from the experts
Practice the 3-foot safety rule. Keep combustible materials away from the furnace, fireplace, wood stove, or portable space heater.
Maintain a “kid-free zone” around open fires and space heaters. Again, 3 feet is the recommended distance.,
Inspect, clean and test. Have qualified heating professionals inspect and clean furnaces, chimneys and heating equipment every year. Replace batteries in your fire alarms in the spring and fall, and test smoke alarms at least once a month.
Turn off portable heaters when you go to bed or leave a room. Get more space heater safety tips from Travelers,
Never, never, never use ovens or portable grills to heat your home.
- Use a good quality screen to prevent sparks from jumping.
- Dispose of ashes in a metal, non-flammable container when they are cold.
- Dispose of ashes a safe distance away from your home – never beside the home or in the garage or cellar.
- Learn more about how to dispose of ashes properly – and get a few tips on handy uses for the ash.
Related: see our recent post with money-saving home heating ideas: